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facts about athens

January 16, 2021

Athens is the capital of Greece and also its largest city. 7. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought t… Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. The origins of Athens date back to 3000BC, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. The oldest hotel in Athens, The Grand Bretagne, was first the royal guesthouse. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). How well do you know the world’s capital cities? The city was home to Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. According to Homer’s account in the Iliad, Athena was a … During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. 8. Actress, activist, and Minister of Culture, Melina Mercouri, is credited with the establishment of the institution, the "European Capital of Culture." Greece welcomed 17,920,000 tourists into the country in 2013, many of whom visited Athens for its ancient history and... Whilst the Olympics are … The first history of Athens was recorded around 3,400 years ago making it Europe's oldest capital and one of the oldest cities of the world. Athens became the first in 1985. The sporting event known as the "Marathon" was created for the first Modern Olympic games set in Athens in 1896. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… 4. That act saved it later from destruction of non Christian temples, in times of deep Theocracy. The kings ruled both cities. Professor of Archaeology, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1949–71. Some three centuries after the death of Pericles (429 bce), Athenians entered upon a period of bondage that lasted almost 2,000 years. Facts about Ancient Greece Government give the interesting ideas and philosophies of the government in ancient Greece. 3. Six display archaeological treasures uncovered during the metro's construction. Athens was part of the Ottoman Empire (1458-1832) while the rest of Western Europe was experiencing the Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution. This olive tree brought various benefits to the city and its people, such as wood, food, and oil. The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Athens, with its tall buildings and contemporary shops, is the first European city when approached from the Middle East. Back then it was a small town with only 10,000 citizens. The climate of Athens is benign: frost is rare (the minimum temperature is 32 °F, or 0 °C) and snow seldom lies, while the summers, though hot (maximum temperature is 99 °F, or 37 °C), are dry, and a fresh northeasterly wind often blows by day. Athens remains on the world stage to this day. Notably, in 2004 the world came to the city for the Olympic Games, which spurred a dramatic makeover for Athens. 11. The core of that character is an implacable will to survive, buttressed by a profound sense of loyalty (especially to the family) and patriotism. 12. Athens - Athens - The city plan: In 1833 there was almost no Athens at all. City Of Athens Facts 42. The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. Updates? The Parthenon in Athens, Greece #2 She is one of the twelve Olympian Gods. Facts about Athena. The city was freed in 1833, and in the following 170 years it was the scene of more than a dozen revolutions, another brutal foreign occupation, and a civil war of especial savagery. The Athens Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) is said to be the 8th most populated LUZ in the European Union. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. During the fight for independence, it had been entirely evacuated in 1827, and six years later it held perhaps 4,000 people in the straggle of little houses on the north slope below the Acropolis. Before hosting the 2004 Olympic Games, all of the street signs of Athens had to be changed to include a Latin spelling under the Greek. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. Around the tenth century B.C., the settlers form… The surrounding mountains—Párnis, 4,636 feet (1,413 metres); Pentelicus (Pendéli), 3,631 feet; Hymettos (Imittós), 3,365 feet; and Aigáleon, 1,535 feet—add to the impression of barrenness. Athens holds a special place in the history of Western Civilization. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Athens is one of the great cities of the world. It is located in Central Greece in the southern part of the region of Attica. Acropolis is a rocky hill and most of … It is the oldest civilization where the first recorded human inhabitants were in 3000 BC. The city covers a total area of 412 square kilometers (159 square miles). As of May 2019, the population of Athens is about 3 million people. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). Raphael School of Athens Facts You Didn’t Know school_of_athens_painting_facts An architect and a relative to Raphael who took him to Pope Julius II, Bramante actually helped Raphael with the architectural elements in the painting , hence so having an awful resemblance to the St. Peter’s Basilica. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. Athens, now the capital of Greece, is located on a peninsula that stretches southeastward into the Aegean Sea. The Acropolis and surrounding area, Athens. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world and has been continuously inhabited for around 7,000 years! Here are 12 facts about the Acropolis of Athens. It was known for the amount of learning that happened there. The climate of the city permits outdoor activity the year round and has had an important effect on both the style of architecture and the life and political institutions of the city. King Otto (see fact 7) changed it from the Port of Nafplio in 1834 for sentimental reasons related to the city's glorious past. During German occupation (1941-1944) it was used as Nazi HQ. It’s Europe’s oldest capital city. Fun Fact: Every full moon in August, the Acropolis stays open until 2am with live music and theatrical performances; it is free to all. To put its age into perspective: the first... 2. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. Fun & Interesting Facts about Athens Along with being the capital of Greece, Athens is also the capital of the Attica Periphery and the Athens Prefecture. Athens is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, and daughter of Zeus. This long history of passion and suffering has had considerable effect on the Athenian character. Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. In this quiz you’ll be presented with the names of 195 capital cities. You’ll need to match them to their countries. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. It Was Settled In Prehistoric Times Omissions? It also had its own Constitution. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). One of the weird facts about Athens, is that it only became the capital city of Greece relatively recently. It was known as a beautiful public buildings, public bath, shops, and busy city. 1. It was a recreation of the route used by the legendary runner, Pheidippides, in 490 BC to announce the Athenian victory against the Persians at the battle of Marathon 25 miles away. Athens was a powerful city in Classical times. Athens is a Beta global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and is one of the biggest economic centers in southeastern Europe. Athens was the … Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization. Athena is one of the 12 Olympian Gods who resided atop Mount Olympus.The Olympians are a race of deities who are a third or fourth generation of immortal beings and they were worshiped as the principal deities of the Greek pantheon.The Olympians managed to become the supreme deities after a 10 year long struggle … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Interesting Facts about Athens 1. Fact 26: Athena offered the first olive tree as a gift to Athens. They may have shared the same cultural, religious and linguistic heritage, but they were ruled independently. Ancient Athens spanned several thousand years, from about 6,000 BC to about 322 BC. The Ottoman T… Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. Many important people wandered its streets throughout time. The people of Athens chose their ruler. It has been continuously habited for at least 3,000 years Find out how much you can save 12. 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